An evaluation of information and communication technology in improving validity of assessment items in test development

An evaluation of information and communication technology in improving validity of assessment items in test development

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  • Last Updated August 2, 2018

An evaluation of information and communication technology in improving validity of assessment items in test development

It is no exaggeration to use the word “,revolution”, when talking about how our lives have changed over the past few decades. Today we rely on information and communication technologies and devices that hadn’,t even been imagined in the 1980',s. Moreover, emerging technology skills has also been on upward trend compared to the recent past. People with less computer skills are now comfortably using these technologies and devices such tablets and smart phones which give hands-on technologist enough motivation to innovate endless facilities to match these ever growing skills . Generally speaking, the way we live and do our work has changed profoundly. Over the years, the process of developing assessments has been evolving from traditionally known process of paper and pen ,which was occasioned by repetitive work of reading books and syllabuses which were prone to uncertainty and typographic errors, to more recent ways that uses softcopies and e-learning materials. This has tremendously improved on content validity of set items. However, in more critical analysis, there is need for more innovations to match these diverse and dynamic trend of information technologies to enhance validity, accessibility and inclusiveness in test development. In all these emerging technologies, internet is the most obvious tool which cannot be ignored. It provides much needed and liberated resources that can enhance innovations to improve validity in assessment. This paper will highlight on online item writing system that was developed in purpose of enabling teachers in Kenya to create objective questions based on primary education syllabuses and, post them in a centralized database server. On the other hand, subject officers access these items and based on their test development knowledge, they can validate these items to determine quality and relevancy. In addition, moderators validate these items before they are pretested and stored in the item bank.Keywords: Online Items Writing, item writing, internet, database, server.

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