Assessment Technology of Students’ Knowledge in Higher Institutions in the Republic of Kazakhstan

Assessment Technology of Students’ Knowledge in Higher Institutions in the Republic of Kazakhstan

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Assessment Technology of Students’ Knowledge in Higher Institutions in the Republic of Kazakhstan

The level of education and science is one of the factors that determine a state’,s competitiveness. Development of the social responsibility system and modernization of education methods thus become priorities in order to comply with international standards. This paper reviews the technology for assessment of students’, knowledge in higher education, and examines the practicability of a transition from intermediate state control (ISC) to the external assessment of educational achievement (EAEA), describing the orderliness of educational institutions’, control. These procedures form an integrated system of independent external assessment of educational achievement that ensures the quality of education. This paper is based on earlier studies that described the testing procedures and defined the goals and objectives of their introduction.The aims of the present work are to show the stages of control and monitoring implementation in the education system of the Republic of Kazakhstan (inlet control - unified national testing, intermediate control - ISC, outlet control - EAEA, to analyze the state of the higher education system, to identify the stages of the introduction of ISC and EAEA, and to determine their structural differences. The analysis is based on test results with data reported for the years 2007-2011, which prove the appropriateness of adopting emergency measures to bring the education system into line with the required standards. Consideration is also given, based on analysis to the comparative performance of methods for assessment of educational achievement, with the advantages and disadvantages.The technology of the EAEA conduct is reviewed more widely, describing the stages of its implementation and showing the implementers of the testing process and the stages of processing test results. In total, the technology of the EAEA conduct reflects the integrity and effectiveness of the National Testing Center.Key words: Assessment technology, education quality monitoring, intermediate state control, external assessment of educational achievement.

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