Computer-aided paper-based tests construction process

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Computer-aided paper-based tests construction process

In the paper is described the experience of the State Students Admission Commission (SSAC) in automation of process of constructing paper-based tests through combination of separate test items. Developed by the SSAC computer-aided system has been functioning since 1996 and used for preparation of measure materials for different exams, conducted by the SSAC, including university admission exams. Basis for the created system is Test Items Bank (TIB), where each test item is presented with the set of characteristics, such as language of test item (Azeri or Russian), subject (native language, literature, math and etc.), section of subject, difficulty, cognitive category (terminology, factology, calculation, explanation, generalization, prediction, suggested action), authors, experts, statistics and information about using. The goal of the computer-aided system is determination of set of test items meeting test content requirements. The content requirements are developed by subject seminars functioning under the SSAC and based on purpose and structure of test, and predicted ability level of target group. Exam content requirements are formalized and presented as data in internal requirements definition language. The definition language allows defining test structure, modifying structure of TIB, and describing set of limits on content by key characteristics of test items (subject section, difficulty and relevance category). In result of functioning of specifications generation unit is formed request for random selection of test items with indicated key characteristics, in accordance with which the test selection and assembly unit generate necessary number of variants of test. The described system allows decreasing time of test construction process, reducing significance level of “,human factor”, in selection process, providing transparency of technological process and minimizing the risk of error appearances.

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