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Educational model based on competencies: Performance Assessment in Mechatronics Engineering.
The learning evaluation process has traditionally been one of the most common means to obtain academic credits from the knowledge or skills that a person provides to solve a challenging situation; however, society demands an evaluation centered on performance. The positivist paradigm led us to postulate that knowledge emerges through observation and the construction of a systematic process of prediction, whereas Hermeneutics explains the world and its phenomena from the interpretative capacity of the individual. As part of the quality validation process in graduates of the Mechatronics engineering at Tecnológico de Monterrey, it was carried out the evaluation of graduation competencies through the exercise called Assessment Center, an approach focused on performance rather than in knowledge. This exercise, that included the participation of academics and industrial leaders with extensive experience, allowed to measure the performance of students in semi-structured circumstances like those that will be presented to them in real work scenarios, where quantitative and qualitative methodologies were combined with the objective of measuring the performance of each of the future graduates. At the closure of the Assessment Center the evaluators gave feedback to the students both on their performance related to their decisions and solutions to the previously defined challenge, and in relation to their attitudes towards their teammates. From the Assessment Center the following conclusions were achieved. The students generated a greater confidence to have control over the results of their performance and the evaluation took relevance and significance and allowed them to reflect on their strengths and opportunity areas. The academics were able to detect the level of progress of the students, and the industrial leaders allowed them to have a greater understanding of the competencies that the students possess and consistency between the graduation profile and the skills attained by the student.
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