Impact of information and communication technology on examination malpractice at the west african senior school certificate examination in Nigeria

Impact of information and communication technology on examination malpractice at the west african senior school certificate examination in Nigeria

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Impact of information and communication technology on examination malpractice at the west african senior school certificate examination in Nigeria

The West African Examinations Council (WAEC) conducts the West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) in Nigeria. The examination has become a high stake one due to the various uses made of the candidates’, results. Consequently, the examination has been proned to various forms of malpractice. Examination malpractice influences candidates’, performance in examinations and renders scores/grades obtained in such examinations unreliable, thus a threat to examination bodies. Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has become applicable in every human endeavour, examination inclusive. The paper identified the impact of ICT on WASSCE as a two-edge sword. It identified and discussed among others, e-registration of candidates for the examination, pre-printing of objective answer sheets and issuance of forge-proof certificates as ICT measures employed by WAEC to combat examination malpractice. The paper also discussed the emerging trends of the use of cell phones and internet in the perpetration of examination malpractice at WASSCE in Nigeria. The challenges encountered in the use of ICT by WAEC for combating examination malpractice include the shortage of manpower and funds. The paper suggested improved funding, and employment of more staff and honest functionaries to enable WAEC combat malpractice using ICT.Key words: Examination malpractice, measures employed, ICT usage, challenges, perpetrating.

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