The Factor Structure of the Giftedness Assessment Instrument (GAI) as an Identification measure of Giftedness

The Factor Structure of the Giftedness Assessment Instrument (GAI) as an Identification measure of Giftedness

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The Factor Structure of the Giftedness Assessment Instrument (GAI) as an Identification measure of Giftedness

The study investigated the factor structure of the Giftedness Assessment Instrument (GAI) as an identification measure of giftedness construct among primary six children in Lagos, Nigeria. A sample of six hundred (600) elementary school children (275 boys and 325 girls) from both public and private schools were randomly selected from the six educational zones of Lagos State completed the test instrument. Three component factors with their independent attributes were obtained through factor analysis using principal components with varimax rotations. The results show that the two existing instruments for selection of pupils into the gifted schools do not cover all the attributes of giftedness. Instead, three component factors with all the attributes of the ‘,real’, gifted child were obtained. The instrument was therefore recommended for use as a quick test for the selection of pupils into gifted schools.Keywords: factor structure, giftedness assessment, instrument, identification.

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