Validity of Nigeria’s Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination, Physics Computer- Based Tests: Threats and Opportunities

Validity of Nigeria’s Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination, Physics Computer- Based Tests: Threats and Opportunities

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Validity of Nigeria’s Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination, Physics Computer- Based Tests: Threats and Opportunities

The Joint Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB) in Nigeria has adopted Computer-Based Testing (CBT)for her Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examinations (UTME) for prospective tertiary education students. Thestudy sought to find out the threats and opportunities encounter during this examination by students takingPhysics. The study adopted a descriptive survey design. The population of the study consists of fifteen thousandsix hundred and eighty- eight (15688) Senior Secondary two and three (SS 2 &, SS 3) students who took andwho will take Physics in JAMB UTME in Umuahia Education Zone of Abia State Nigeria. The sample is madeup of two hundred and fifty (170males, 80females) SS2 &, SS3 students got by a combination of purposive andcluster sampling techniques. Four (4) research questions and two (2) null hypotheses guided the study. Theinstruments for data collection are researchers’, developed structural questionnaire of the four point Likert type.The instrument was validated by physics experts and its reliability obtained as 0.86 using Cronbach Alpha. Theresearch questions were answered with mean and standard deviation while the hypotheses were tested with ttest. Recommendations were made based on the findings of the study. ,Keywords: JAMB and UTME, Physics, Computer-Based Testing, Threats and Opportunities.

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