How to discourage student cheating on online exams

The question implies that online education lacks the quality and integrity of face-to-face instruction — that it is just more cheatable. That isn’t true, and the underlying assumption runs counter to research, risks stigmatizing all students as cheaters, shifts the pedagogical focus away from developmental teaching and learning and toward a fixation on punitive measures, and wastes an opportunity for a more reflective approach to online assignment and assessment design.

Source: Inside Higher Education