Role of ICT in education of the developing countries

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Role of ICT in education of the developing countries

Education holds one of the main places in development of the society in our modern world. The idea of “,From the primary school to the uninterrupted education”, is considered to be the key of the global economy in the world community. Social progress and human freedom are grounded on this idea. At present professional level defines a position of human being in the society, affects the quality enhancement of the living conditions and is accepted as a means of self-affirmation. The paper highlights the experience of the developed countries that informatization of the education system directed to the growing up the new generation that meets requirements of the information society depending on its level of development and living conditions is the main perspective issue for transition to information society. It argues that old methods used for the receipt and analysis and of information are unavailing and there is a need for their replacement with new ones. If a young man wants to study a new technology in the atmosphere of market economy, he would probably encounter with several objective problems that are typical for the country which undergoes transition economy: the difficulty in finding the right professional specialist, financial straits, lack of information, means of modern training, language problems, lack of time, etc. However, if he has an opportunity to use a computer, his problems could be minimized. If he has an opportunity to use the services of Internet, then a world of affluent knowledge will lay before him. Today there is much need for the specialists with computer skills in the labour market. Though majority of high education institutions of the country prepare corresponding qualified staff, the content and type of this issue needs to be re-considered. It is necessary to raise percentage of the professions connected with information technologies for different fields in the student’,s admission plans. Firstly, IT specialists should be prepared covering areas of the economy and production. Preparation of specialists on the basis of training programs for the priority fields, such as banking services, medicine, information security, ecommerce, network administration, information economy, applied informatics that meet the international requirements are one of the main demands of the information society. Distance education and the use of electronic facilities is another issue which is applied in the developed countries for decades and discussed throughout the paper. This education form was created on the eve of the information century of the information society. Thus, the role of the teacher began to slowly change.

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