School-Based Assessment in HKDSE: Is the Statistical Moderation Method Disadvantageous for Students from Weak Schools?

School-Based Assessment in HKDSE: Is the Statistical Moderation Method Disadvantageous for Students from Weak Schools?

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School-Based Assessment in HKDSE: Is the Statistical Moderation Method Disadvantageous for Students from Weak Schools?

In 2012, with the implementation of the new senior secondary academic structure, the Hong Kong Advanced Level Examination (HKALE) and the Hong Kong Certificate of Education Examination (HKCEE) were replaced by the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education (HKDSE). School-Based Assessment (SBA) is an important component of the HKDSE, and one that enhances the validity of the assessment. A major concern regarding the implementation of SBA is whether the SBA marks submitted by schools, which are counted as part of students’, public examination results, are fair and comparable across all schools. To address this concern, the Hong Kong Examinations and Assessment Authority has designed several moderation procedures to adjust the raw SBA marks submitted by different schools. These procedures include a statistical and non-statistical approach. As the statistical approach relies on the performance of the candidates’, school in the public examination, there is a concern that the moderation method could disadvantage students from weak schools. However, the analysis of data taken from the 2013 HKDSE English Language subject shows that students from weak schools were not negatively affected by the SBA moderation, whatever grades they had, as the effect of being in a weak school was counteracted by the big-fish–,little-pond effect. ,Keywords: HKDSE, school-based assessment, moderation, big-fish–,little-pond effect, reflected-glory effect  ,

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